What Do You Call Someone With Special Needs?

Is Down Syndrome a disability?

Down syndrome is the most frequent chromosomal cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability, and it occurs in all ethnic and economic groups.

The degree of intellectual disability in people with Down syndrome varies but is usually mild to moderate..

What are the politically correct terms?

Politically correct words or terms are used to show differences between people or groups in a non-offensive way. This difference may be because of race, gender, beliefs, religion, sexual orientation, or because they have a mental or physical disability, or any difference from what most people believe is normal.

What does mentally disabled mean?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What is the politically correct term for someone with special needs?

Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities. Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”

Is special needs a bad term?

23) warns that “the word special in relationship to those with disabilities is now widely considered offensive because it euphemistically stigmatizes” persons with disabilities. … Just say individuals with disabilities.” Disability advocates argue adamantly against using the euphemism special needs.

What is a disability?

A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).

Is it appropriate to say special needs?

The New Term for Special Needs Disability. It’s ok to say the word. … I’m not special, special needs, handicapable, differently abled or challenged. There’s nothing wrong with being a disabled person.

Is Mentally Challenged appropriate?

Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled . Midget: The term was used in the past to describe an unusually short and proportionate person.

What is the difference between special needs and disability?

Speaking about the term Disability, it is more about physical and mental inabilities while special needs are related to learning disabilities. … There is one more term – differently-abled, which is used for mental as well as physical disabilities.

How do you talk to a disability?

When referring to disability, the American Psychological Association (APA) urges that it is often best to “put the person first.” In practice, this means that instead of referring to a “disabled person,” use “person with a disability.” Why?

Who is the most famous disabled person?

8 inspirational people with disabilitiesFrida Kahlo. Frida suffered polio during her childhood and, according to some sources, also had spina bifida, which caused dysmetria in her right leg. … John Nash. … Stephen Hawking. … Nick Vujicic. … Andrea Boccelli. … Michael J. … Alex Zanardi. … Aaron Fotheringham.

What can I say instead of special needs?

So, next time you hesitate to say “disabled,” consider why I wish these four alternate terms would kick the bucket:1) Challenged. … 2) Handicapable. … 3) Differently-abled. … 4) Special Needs.

What is the politically correct word for disabled?

2. Words to use and avoidAvoidUseconfined to a wheelchair, wheelchair-boundwheelchair usermentally handicapped, mentally defective, retarded, subnormalwith a learning disability (singular) with learning disabilities (plural)cripple, invaliddisabled personspasticperson with cerebral palsy9 more rows•Dec 13, 2018

How do you describe someone with a disability?

Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.

Is cripple a bad word?

The words cripple and crippled are no longer considered appropriate. Although these terms have been in use since before the year 950, since the mid-1900s they have become increasingly uncommon and are now regarded as insulting.

What are the 5 barriers for persons with disabilities?

Often, more than one barrier occurs at a time.Attitudinal.Communication.Physical.Policy.Programmatic.Social.Transportation.